ANSER | Coordinating the U.S. Response to Foreign Disasters: Concept and Considerations for a Framework
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PROJECTS

Coordinating the U.S. Response to Foreign Disasters: Concept and Considerations for a Framework

Client: US and International Emergency Management Communities

Following the publication of Banyan Analytics’ case study of the U.S. Government’s response to the Fukushima Daiichi disaster and informed by the results of the October 2013 conference Toward an International Response Framework: Disaster Response in the Asia-Pacific, Banyan Analytics has developed and published a concept paper for such a framework.

Coordinating the U.S. Response to Foreign Disasters: Concept and Considerations for a Framework is intended to provide a starting point for stakeholder discussions focused on the development of a whole-of-government framework to inform and complement ongoing U.S. Government efforts, including USAID’s Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance coordination role. It also aims to assist the U.S. Government in identifying additional considerations and efforts that may be required by other government stakeholders to address crosscutting foreign disaster response areas—particularly funding processes, interagency coordination, and decision processes and authorities.

The document describes insights from U.S. Government stakeholders, Banyan Analytics’ case study of the Japanese triple disaster, and an analysis of domestic response frameworks. These insights include:

  • There is no government-wide framework to guide U.S. foreign disaster response
  • Large-scale disasters may require more resources, capabilities, and coordination than standing U.S. foreign disaster response mechanisms can provide
  • The need for complex disaster response capabilities is particularly acute in the Asia-Pacific due to population density, mortality rates, and frequency of natural disasters

Although the federal government has a much larger role in domestic disaster response than when responding to international incidents/events, the National Response Framework and other structures may offer useful insights for the more variable and limited U.S. Government role in foreign disaster response. Key elements of domestic emergency preparedness and emergency management that could be relevant to foreign disaster response coordination are identified and discussed. These insights will help to inform decision makers concerning the development of a whole-of-government framework.

Category
ANSER Projects, Joint Operations